Understanding the Difference Between Dry Needling & Acupuncture

Acupuncture has a remarkable legacy as a successful healing modality which continues to adapt and develop. Acupuncture began in China, and thrived for thousands of years, eventually spreading to all corners of the world. Acupuncture is not static, but has continually improved according to the needs of the population, incorporating new ideas and understandings of how the body works and how illnesses develop.

As the practice of acupuncture moved from place to place, experts in those countries developed new acupuncture techniques. In Japan, for example, acupuncture became one of the primary vocations of the blind; to this day, approximately 30% of acupuncturists in Japan are blind! Because of this, Japanese acupuncturists developed gentle, tactile diagnostic and treatment techniques using thinner needles with guide tubes, and shallow needling. This differs significantly from acupuncture in China, which tends to be more aggressive, with thicker needles, and uses free hand deep needling techniques. In France, after an enthusiastic french ambassador brought the knowledge of acupuncture back to his home country, the medical community there focused heavily on ear acupuncture and developed a unique microsystem of ear acupuncture considered today to be one of the best models of auricular acupuncture in the world. And in Korea, a hand acupuncture microsystem developed and flourished, and this microsystem is now taught in acupuncture programs all over the world.

Similarly, there have been many great developments in the acupuncture field in the United States. Acupuncture is even used in the US military as a way to treat pain and PTSD and by cognitive therapists as a way to treat substance addiction. One technique developed in the US for treating pain is ‘dry needling,’ although licensed acupuncturists usually refer to these techniques as local acupuncture or sports acupuncture; ‘dry needling’ is a term used by those without an acupuncture degree who practice local needling techniques.

What is Dry Needling?

Dry needling, a form of local acupuncture, primarily comprises of trigger point and motor point needling techniques—sometimes with additional electrical stimulation—and focuses on treating pain in the muscles, tendons, and joints.

The Foundations of Dry Needling

The foundations of dry needling have been around for thousands of years. Aside from electrical stimulation—which was not accessible to practitioners of ancient traditional medicine—local forms of acupuncture have long been used in Chinese medicine, although almost always in conjunction with distal points to treat the body holistically. Classical acupuncture texts didn’t use the modern terms, ‘motor point’ or ‘trigger point’ needling, which make up the bulk of dry needling techniques. But motor point and trigger point needling are not new to acupuncturists and are referred to in classical texts using different language.

For example, in classical acupuncture texts, the successful arrival of qi is often described as when the tissue being punctured grabs the needle ‘like a fish grabbing onto the end of a fishing line.’ This is exactly what happens when you needle a motor point of a muscle. The motor point is where the motor nerve innervates the muscle, and if functioning properly, causes the muscle to contract when engaged; thus when motor points are needled, the muscle contracts around the needle like a fish grabbing at a minnow on a fishing line. Almost all muscle motor points correlate to traditional acupuncture points or extra points found in Chinese medicine texts.

Classical acupuncture texts also inform the practitioner to palpate for tender points, called ‘ashi’ points, to find the exact spot to needle when needling locally. This is exactly how trigger point needling is done. Trigger points are local tender aggravated knots or bands of muscle fibers, often close to or extending from the motor points of the muscles. When trigger points are needled, local pain relief is accomplished through the release of natural pain killers and the disentanglement of muscle fibers.

What is the Difference Between Dry Needling and Acupuncture?

Simply put, dry needling is just one more acupuncture technique, and most acupuncturists incorporate it in their practice on a daily basis. The tools are the same; sterile, stainless steel single use filiform needles are used in acupuncture and dry needling to puncture the skin. Although, acupuncturists won’t often identify their process as dry needling. The term ‘dry needling’ is used primarily by non-acupuncturists to circumvent laws that prevent them from practicing acupuncture due to significantly lower standards of acupuncture/needling training compared to licensed acupuncturists.

To become a licensed acupuncturist, you need extensive training. At a minimum, licensed acupuncturists complete a Masters level education for for 3-4 years. Practitioners at Lakewood Community Acupuncture, for example, all accumulated over 3,000 hrs of clinical and didactic education during their initial training to receive a Masters Degree in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine. In addition, they regularly train in continuing education courses to keep their state acupuncture license active as well as their national boards, which are certified by the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

In most states, chiropractors and physical therapists aren’t allowed to say that they practice acupuncture unless they have gone through the same extensive training as a licensed acupuncturist. In order to get around this hurdle, those of other professions who wish to incorporate aspects of acupuncture into their practice, give it a different name: dry needling. To be certified to perform dry needling, physical therapists and chiropractors are usually only required to complete a couple of weekends of training. In some states they aren’t allowed to practice at all because of this lower standard. But in Colorado, for example, PTs are only required to do fifty hours of dry needling training before they can practice on patients. This training in dry needling is a very limited, narrow, and reductionist interpretation and understanding of acupuncture.

The training requirements to be licensed as an acupuncturist as compared to being certified in dry needling is one significant difference. But there are two other main differences: 1. Dry needling is often more painful, and 2. Dry needling doesn’t address the body holistically.

Dry needling techniques tend to be more painful than acupuncture because those who practice dry needling—usually a physical therapist or chiropractor—often need to accomplish results within a short appointment time-slot. Thus they tend to plunge the needle repeatedly into the tissue in order to get a strong motor point or trigger point response. This absolutely can be effective, but is often unnecessarily painful. Most acupuncturists don’t need to perform strong technique because they allow more time for their patients to rest with the needles once they have been appropriately placed. This allows the needles to affect the tissue gradually and gently. In addition, acupuncturists are always striving to balance the entire body, not just treat the symptoms; they apply a global approach to address the root cause of the dysfunction, through addressing the differential diagnosis. Dry needling is focused only on the branch, or symptom, and doesn’t attend to the underlying conditions. This works well, if still an incomplete treatment according to Chinese medicine, when the symptoms are simply a result of a sprain from running or playing a sport. But is less adept at resolving chronic pains and issues, which often have underlying root causes, such as nutritional deficiencies, or imbalances in the organs and vessels.

What Type of Practitioner Should I Choose?

We recommend that you use your wisdom and common sense in choosing a practitioner. Find someone well trained in the condition you are concerned about, and who has the patient's interests in mind. Read reviews and bio's and ask about their education and experience. Practitioners are dynamic people, and so are the patients they serve. Matching the right practitioner of acupuncture to the right patient can produce the most wonderful results.

Great service and results!
Ben Ramirez
Ben Ramirez
2022-08-09
Emily helped me combat some pretty deep depression and anxiety yesterday. I had come to my wits end and western med was no longer helping me. She recommended herbs that are significantly decreasing the debilitating mental health symptoms I was experiencing and her treatment of acupuncture/reiki helped calm my nervous system. I’m noticing this all in less than 24 hrs, wow! THANK YOU 🙏
Sarah
Sarah
2022-07-16
I received a healing treatment from Crystal yesterday and the day before— acupuncture and cupping, along with ear seeds. She was so attentive and deeply caring for my personal needs and desires. I genuinely cannot wait to go back. Truly, it is honorable they are a non-profit organization for all the hard work and hours they put in. I will always go back. Thanks to the hardworking (shen) hands of Crystal.
Lindsay Hovland
Lindsay Hovland
2022-07-15
Would recommend! Very professional, clean, empathetic, experienced. Seen Jamie a few times and he's wonderful. Acupuncture can help with almost anything along with their other services.
Melissa Bell
Melissa Bell
2022-07-01
Brought in my 15 year old who was suffering from a sports related back injury. She has had two appointments (acupuncture and acupuncture with cupping) and has been experiencing good results. The healthcare team is extremely knowledgeable and comforting. They explain everything they are doing and ensure you are comfortable with every step. Would definitely recommend.
Tammy Osolinski
Tammy Osolinski
2022-03-15
I've been to other acupuncturists before, and Emily @ Lakewood did a fantastic job - way better than the others I've been to. Very thorough on intake, learning what to focus, and overall creating a great space. Thanks so much!
Jay Clement
Jay Clement
2022-01-09
Lakewood Community Acupuncture is amazing! I've received acupuncture, cupping and bodywork here. It was an outstanding experience. I felt amazing when I left and it addressed my chronic pain. I highly recommend LCP!
Shawna Seldon McGregor
Shawna Seldon McGregor
2021-11-13
Amazing practitioners who are dedicated to serving the community with powerful healing! Each session is greeted with compassion and incredible care. I came to the office experiencing a lot of pain in my back and neck. The day after receiving Tuina bodywork and Acupuncture, my pain was gone. I am so very grateful. Thank you!!
Coleen C
Coleen C
2021-09-24
I've been here a couple times and both were great.
bic109
bic109
2021-08-17

Contact

7114 W Jefferson Ave, suite 112
Lakewood, CO 80235
(720) 242-9756
info@lakewoodacupuncture.org

Hours

Monday: 9am-6pm
Tuesday: 9am-7pm
Wednesday: 9am-7pm
Thursday: 8am-7pm
Friday: 8-7pm
Saturday: 9am-3pm
Best Acupuncture in Lakewood
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